The 1901 Irish Census

The 1901 Irish census is the earliest census available. While earlier censuses were taken, some were destroyed in a fire during the unrest in 1922, and others were recycled during a paper shortage during World War II. Only small fragments of some earlier census documents remain.

Ireland as it exists Today
Source: Wikimedia Commons
Ireland as it is today - map and flags

The 1901 census was taken as of the night of March 31-April 1, 1901. The questions asked were as follows:

  • Name and Surname
  • Relation to Head of Family
  • Education (Read and Write; Read only; Cannot read)
  • Age
    • Years on last birthday
    • Months for infants under 1 year
  • Sex (M or F)
  • Rank, Profession, or Occupation
  • Marriage (Married, widower, widow, not married)
  • Where born
  • Irish language ("Irish only" or "Irish and English")
  • If deaf and dumb; dumb only; blind; imbecile or idiot; or lunatic

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