1880 US Census

The 1880 US census occurred as of June 1, 1880. States that participated were as follows:

Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

US Map - 1880
A page from my great-grandmother's journal

As previously noted, this was the first census which listed the relationship of each individual in the household to the head of household.

The following questions were asked on the 1880 US census:

  • Address (in cities);
  • Dwelling houses numbered in order of visitation
  • Families numbered in order of visitation
  • Name of each Person;
  • Personal Description

  • Color — White, Black, Mulatto, Chinese, Indian;
  • Gender;
  • Age at last birthday;
  • If born within the Census year, give the month;
  • Relationship of each person to the head of the family;
  • Civil Condition: Single, Married, Widowed, Divorced;
  • Whether married during Census year;
  • Occupation

  • Profession, Occupation or Trade of each person, male or female;
  • Number of months unemployed during the Census year
  • Health

  • Blind
  • Deaf and Dumb
  • Idiotic
  • Insane
  • Maimed, Chrippled, Bedridden, or otherwise disabled
  • Education:

  • Attended school within the Census year
  • Cannot read
  • Cannot write
  • Nativity

  • Place of Birth (State, territory, or country)
  • Father's Place of Birth
  • Mother's Place of Birth

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