The 1871 Canadian Census

The 1871 Canadian census included all individuals living in the four original provinces – Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, and Ontario.

Map of Canadian provinces, 1871.
Source: Wikipedia Commons
Map of Canada, 1891





The questions on the 1871 census were to be answered as of April 2, 1871, no matter what date the enumeration actually occurred. Everyone who normally resided in the household as of that date was to be included, regardless of whether they actually spent the night there.

The questions asked on the 1871 census were as follows:

  • Dwellings
    • vessels
    • shanties
    • dwelling homes in construction
    • dwelling homes uninhabited
    • dwelling homes inhabited
  • Families, in order of enumeration
  • Names
  • Sex
  • Age
  • Born within last 12 months
  • Country or province of birth
  • religion
  • origin (ethnic)
  • Profession, occupation, or trade
  • Married or widowed
  • married within last 12 months
  • Instruction
    • going to school
    • over 20, unable to read
    • over 20, unable to write

  • Infirmities
    • deaf and dumb
    • blind
    • unsound mind

  • Dates of Operations and Remarks

It is not entirely clear what sort of "operations" the last question is referring to. However, it appears that the enumerator has used the column to enter the date on which he did the enumeration, if he was unable to do so on April 2.







Click Here to go from "1871 Canadian census" to "The Canadian Census: an Introduction"

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