The 1830 US census was taken as of June 1, 1830.
By this time, the population had increased to about 12.8 million people, of whom 2 million were slaves.
Only heads of households were actually named in the census, although other family members and slaves were counted and placed in various age categories.
What was happening in the US in particular, and in the world in general, during this decade?
During the 1830s, the following men were US Presidents.
Andrew Jackson (1767 - 1845) was President from 1829 - 1837. He is considered the first President to have been elected by the populace.
A lawyer, politician, and judge, Jackson gained national prominence for his role in leading troops to victory against the British, the Spanish, and native Americans.
Martin van Buren (1782 - 1862) was the US President from 1837 - 1841.
Prior to becoming President, he served as Vice-President under Andrew Jackson, from 1833 to 1837.
During this decade in the US, among other important events, the following occurred:
Queen Victoria. Public Domain
In the United Kingdom, King William IV, son of George III, ascended the throne in 1830, upon the death of his brother, George IV. He reigned until 1837.
Queen Victoria became queen in 1837, and reigned until 1901.
Prime Ministers during this decade were Earl Grey (1830 - 1834), and Lord Melbourne (1834 -1841).
In France, Louis Philippe became king in 1830.
Various revolutions in Central and South America led to the formation of current-day Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Uruguay.
The following states and territories were included in this enumeration. The West of the country was still in territories, rather than states, with little settlement.
District of Columbia
The 1830 US census uses the same categories of individuals as the 1820 US census did, but breaks them down into a further set of age groups: 13 categories, from age 5 to over 100, for each of white males and females, and six age categories for each of male and female slaves and male and female free coloreds.
It also includes questions regarding the number of blind, deaf and dumb, in three age categories for whites, and three age categories for slaves and for free coloreds.
In addition, it asks how many white aliens (foreign nationals who have not been naturalized) had been included among the individuals already counted.
As you can imagine, all of those age categories led to a dizzying number of vertical and horizontal lines on the page! I pity the poor individuals in the census office who had to work with this mind-boggling array of lines, day after day, with no assistance from computers!
The following list provides the details of what was required to complete the 1830 US census:
To see a blank sample of the 1830 US census, click here
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